A Virtual Field Trip of Physical Geography

 

Answers Key

 

Answers key: Listed are the answers (or examples) for each section quiz.

Section 1 - Lesson 1 (atmosphere: gases surrounding Earth that form a protective boundary between the biosphere and outer space, including anything in the sky above Ventura County; hydrosphere: all the water on Earth, including all water bodies in Ventura County; lithosphere: the crust, mantle, and some other portions of Earth, including any body of land in Ventura County; biosphere: the area in which the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere function together to produce the context where life can exist, including any living thing in Ventura County); Lesson 2 - between 32 degrees and 36 degrees latitude and 118 degrees and 120 degrees longitude [in general], plus +8 hours from the prime meridian and may include +7 or +9 hours with Daylight Savings Time adjustment; Lesson 3 - the California image is the smaller scale map and the Ventura County image is the larger scale map)  

Section 2 - Lesson 1 (perihelion is in winter and aphelion is in summer...yes); Lesson 2 (subsolar point depends on time of year, no); Lesson 3 (image 1=solstices, image 2=summer solstice, image 3=winter solstice, seasons dependent on time of year, light hours dependent on time of year)

Section 3 - Lesson 1 (Ozonosphere, within the Stratosphere and Homosphere); Lesson 2 (burning of the skin which may lead to skin cancer); Lesson 3 (examples: asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, and other respiratory illnesses)

Section 4 - Lesson 1 (examples of surfaces with high albedos include clouds, snow, and water where as examples of surfaces with low albedos include asphalt, forests, and homes with dark roofs); Lesson 2 (example: El Nino frequency, duration, and severity); Lesson 3 (suggestions given in quiz section for reduction of energy input, advise a follow-up of actions) 

Section 5 - Lesson 1 (temperature and scale dependant upon conditions); Lesson 2 (maritime effects near coastline or on islands like Ventura Beach, Anacapa Island, or Rincon Parkway/continental effects inland like Simi Valley, the Los Padres National Forest, or Fillmore); Lesson 3 (temperatures range from about 115 degrees F to 20 degrees F)

Section 6 - Lesson 1 (onshore winds in video #1, offshore winds in video #2); Lesson 2 (northwest winds); Lesson 3 (land-sea breeze conditions if near the coast, mountain-valley breeze conditions if inland)

Section 7 - Lesson 1 (examples: Pacific Ocean, Ventura River, Lake Casitas, Sespe Creek, Santa Clara River, Lake Piru, Matillija Creek, Lake Sherwood); Lesson 2 (examples: 1) Pine Mountain in the Los Padres National Forest, 2)the Pacific Ocean, 3) the atmosphere above Anacapa Island); Lesson 3 (cumulus with vertical development, altostratus, evaporation fog)

Section 8 - Lesson 1 (warm, humid, stable to conditionally unstable atmosphere, etc.); Lesson 2 (orographic lifting and multiple mountainous locations); Lesson 3 (example: El Nino thunderstorm in the 2004-2005 winter season that lead to a tornado touching down over El Rio with minimal damage to physical features and human infrastructure)

Section 9 - Lesson 1 (Santa Clara River and Ventura River, from the mountains/inland areas to the ocean); Lesson 2 (Lake Casitas = surface water, Wheeler Seep = groundwater, Matillija Creek = surface water, Lake Sherwood = surface water, well at the Ventura Mission = groundwater, Lake Piru = surface water), Lesson 3 (urban run off = non-point source pollution, toxic waste site = point source pollution)

Section 10 - Lesson 1 (tropical rainforest climates = tropical, warm, wet; tropical monsoon climates = tropical, warm, wet or dry; tropical savanna climates = between tropics and mid-latitudes, warm, wet or dry; humid subtropical hot-summer climates = mid-latitude closer to equator, warm, wet or dry winter; marine west coast climates = mid-latitude closer to poles, warm or cool, wet; humid continental mild-summer climates = mid-latitude closer to the poles, warm or cool, wet or dry; subarctic climates = between mid-latitudes and poles, cool, wet or dry; tundra climate = poles, cold, dry or wet; ice cap climate = poles, cold, dry; desert climates = low or mid-latitude, hot or cold, dry; steppe climates = low or mid-latitude, hot or cold, dry or wet); Lesson 2 (based on personal experience); Lesson 3 (highlands and mountains = Los Padres National Forest, coastal plains = agriculture in Oxnard, coastal strip = McGrath State Beach, interior valleys = valley in Ojai, interior valleys with coastal influence = valley near Santa Paula, interior valleys without coastal influence = valley between Moorpark and Simi)   

Section 11 - Lesson 1 (Cenozoic, Quaternary, Holocene and lithosphere); Lesson 2 (extreme heat and pressure = metamorphic rock (not shown), solidification from magma = igneous rock, compaction over time = sedimentary rock); Lesson 3 (Pacific Plate, North American Plate, Juan de Fuca Plate, Cocos Plate, Nazca Plate, Caribbean Plate, South American Plate, Antarctic Plate, Eurasian Plate, African Plate, Indo-Australian Plate, Philippine Plate, Caroline Plate, and Fiji Plate; and east)

Section 12 - Lesson 1 (examples: Conejo Mountain, Topa Topa Mountain, Santa Susana Mountain, Pine Mountain); Lesson 2 (fault in center of image and fold as an anticline, fault is broken while fold is bended); Lesson 3 (suggestions given in quiz section for reduction of hazards involving earthquakes, advise a follow-up of preventative actions and website navigations)

Section 13 - Lesson 1 (examples: Rincon Point, Ventura Point, Mugu Rock); Lesson 2 (dependent upon description and location); Lesson 3 (human induced = landslide, debris avalanche, mudslide; because of set fire, building of homes in hazard zone, and agricultural practices)

Section 14 - Lesson 1 (examples: Santa Clara, Calleguas, and Cuyama); Lesson 2 (turbulent flow); Lesson 3 (bad idea, homes will fill with water and people will be at risk for drowning)

Section 15 - Lesson 1 (at the beach, because sediments accumulate from the river mouths and are washed up on the beaches); Lesson 2 (advise a follow-up of global warming/desertification reduction actions); Lesson 3 (example: Los Padres National Forest, yardangs)

Section 16 - Lesson 1 (equatorial ocean water would be saltier, warmer, and thus more dense than mid-latitude ocean water within the same ocean); Lesson 2 (tides and gravitational features are based on the day); Lesson 3 (example: Rincon Point and Port Hueneme Bay, Anacapa is the small and elongated islands closest to the mainland)

Section 17 - (not applicable, no glacial features in Ventura County)

Section 18 - Lesson 1 (O, A, E, B, C, and R according to layers); Lesson 2 (all sizes from largest to smallest); Lesson 3 (oxisols = tropical, lateric soils...; aridisols = deserts, red or gray...; mollisols = grasslands, chestnut...; alfisols = moderate forests, gray or brown...; ultisols = humid forests, red or yellow...; spodosols = cool forests, brown...; entisols = all types recent, tundra...; inceptisols = humid regions, brown...; vertisols = subtropics, black...; histosols = organics, peat...; andisols = volcanics...; gelisols = high latitudes, high elevations...)   

Section 19 - Lesson 1 (individual, population, species, or community); Lesson 2 (brown kelp, purple urchin, star fish, garibaldi fish, common dolphins, and bacteria throughout all stages); Lesson 3 (more species diversity means a better chance of survival for all species, and it makes for a more interesting world)

Section 20 - Lesson 1 (actual botanical realms = Boreal - North America/Europe/Asia, Paleotropical - Africa/Indo-Malaysia/Polynesia, Neotropical - Central America/South America, South African - South Africa, Australian - Australia, Antarctic - Antarctica; actual zoological realms = Paleoarctic - Europe/Asia, Ethiopian - Africa, Oriental - Southeast Asia, Australian - Australia and Pacific Islands, Neoarctic - North America, Neotropical - Central America/South America); Lesson 2 (Mediterranean Shrubland = short shrubs with drought resistance, woodland and grassland chaparral, hot and dry summers with cool wet winters); Lesson 3 (depends on individual activities, advise a follow-up of actions)

Section 21 - Lesson 1 (depends on individual trash pick-up activities, ask about activities); Lesson 2 (depends on meetings chosen and user opinions, advise a follow-up of ideas); Lesson 3 (advise asking what these actions and decisions may be)

 


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2006 Jessica Douglas